Where were they from in Ireland?

 

 

TT Emigrants from Ireland, by Province and County, 1830-1840-page-001

 

'Emigrants Leave Ireland', engraving by Henry Doyle (1827–1892), from Mary Frances Cusack's Illustrated History of Ireland, 1868

‘Emigrants Leave Ireland’, engraving by Henry Doyle (1827–1892), from Mary Frances Cusack’s Illustrated History of Ireland, 1868

 

Migrants from Cork far outnumbered those from any other county or region, followed by Limerick during this period. Both counties had eponymous, busy port cities in Munster where demographic and economic pressures were fueling emigration in the first half of the nineteenth century.

However, in general, the province of Leinster emptied out earlier and faster than the rest of Ireland.  Counties  like Longford and Westmeath had higher rates of emigration before the Famine (1845-1851) than during it or afterwards.

716 “missing persons” were associated with a particular county in Ireland out of the 864 Truth Teller advertisements printed between 1830 and 1840. Of those 716, the provincial breakdown was:

ULSTER  20%

MUNSTER    33%

CONNACHT   14%

LEINSTER   33%

The Famine accelerated emigration trends already underway in Ulster, Munster and Connacht, but post-Famine estimates by Cormac O’Grada and Kerby Miller differ quite a bit from the provincial proportions reflected in the Truth Teller.

PROVINCE

% of Population Emigrating

1851-1855 

% of Population Emigrating 

1856-1860 

% of Population Emigrating

1861-1870

ULSTER

23.4

38.8 23.8
MUNSTER

39.6

32.2

36

CONNACHT

13.1

9.2

13.4

LEINSTER 22.9 15

17.6

 

View of Cobh Harbour, looking towards Rostellan, County Cork in the 1830s. Engraving by William Henry Bartlett from 'Scenery and Antiquities of Ireland' by George Virtue, 1860s

View of Cobh Harbour, looking towards Rostellan, County Cork in the 1830s. Engraving by William Henry Bartlett from ‘Scenery and Antiquities of Ireland’ by George Virtue (1860s)

Years

% of Population

Emigrating from Co. Cork

% of Population

Emigrating from Co. Limerick

Pre-Famine 13.3 7.1
1851-1855 12.1 5.9
1856-1860 13.4 4.1
1861-1879 14.1 5.5

 

The Custom House, Limerick in the 1830S. Engraving by William Henry Bartlett from Scenery and Antiquities of Ireland by George Virtue (1860s)

The Custom House, Limerick in the 1830S. Engraving by William Henry Bartlett from Scenery and Antiquities of Ireland by George Virtue (1860s)

 

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