Gender & Labor

by Patrick M. Sweeney, Glucksman Ireland House, New York University

(c) Patrick M. Sweeney, 2015. All rights reserved.

The EISB Test Books indicate that a majority of account holders living on Prince Street were male, while the overall labor breakdown appears evenly split between skilled and unskilled.  This dominant male representation my not indicate a majority of males living on Prince St, but rather a majority of EISB account holders from Prince St as male.

Of the 68 qualifying EISB account holders, there were 37 distinct named occupations named (see list below).  The method of analyzing these occupations as well as separating them into leveled categories, skilled vs. unskilled, was taken from Robert Ernst’s Immigrant Life in New York City 1825-1863.  In his Appendix VII (p 206-212) is a study of these occupation nomenclatures as they commonly appeared in the census and other mid-19th century records.  This information was used to determine whether any special training or education was required for each occupation and, hence, whether the occupation could be identified as skilled or unskilled.

Data compiled May 2015 by Patrick M. Sweeney, based on a total of 68 Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank accounts with addresses on Prince Street, drawn from the Test Book Account Nos. 1-25,000 (Courtesy of Kevin Rich)

Data compiled May 2015 by Patrick M. Sweeney, based on a total of 68 Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank accounts with addresses on Prince Street, drawn from the Test Book Account Nos. 1-25,000 (Courtesy of Kevin Rich)

Data compiled May 2015 by Patrick M. Sweeney, based on a total of 68 Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank accounts with addresses on Prince Street, drawn from the Test Book Account Nos. 1-25,000 (Courtesy of Kevin Rich)

Data compiled May 2015 by Patrick M. Sweeney, based on a total of 68 Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank accounts with addresses on Prince Street, drawn from the Test Book Account Nos. 1-25,000 (Courtesy of Kevin Rich)

Data compiled May 2015 by Patrick M. Sweeney, based on a total of 68 Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank accounts with addresses on Prince Street, drawn from the Test Book Account Nos. 1-25,000 (Courtesy of Kevin Rich)

Data compiled May 2015 by Patrick M. Sweeney, based on a total of 68 Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank accounts with addresses on Prince Street, drawn from the Test Book Account Nos. 1-25,000 (Courtesy of Kevin Rich)

Data compiled May 2015 by Patrick M. Sweeney, based on a total of 68 Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank accounts with addresses on Prince Street, drawn from the Test Book Account Nos. 1-25,000 (Courtesy of Kevin Rich)

Data compiled May 2015 by Patrick M. Sweeney, based on a total of 68 Emigrant Industrial Savings Bank accounts with addresses on Prince Street, drawn from the Test Book Account Nos. 1-25,000 (Courtesy of Kevin Rich)

 

The 37 distinct occupations as reported by the 68 qualifying EISB account holders for the Prince Street study include the following:  Baker, Blacksmith, Boarding House, Butcher, Cabman, Carpenter,Carter, Cartman, Clerk, Compositor, Domestic, Dressmaker, Egg Dealer, Groom, Hatter, Housekeeper, Keeping House, Laborer, Liquor Dealer, Merchant, Packing Box Maker, Pedlar, Plumber, Porter in Carpet Store, Printer, Public Porter, Publican, Quarry Man, Seamstress, Sells Fruit, Shirt Maker, Shoemaker, Tailor, Tailor’s Cutter, Undertaker, and Washer.

 

From those 37 occupations separated into skilled and unskilled, they were further divided into 7 subgroups, or the Occupation Classification.  These Occupation Classifications include: Labor, Merchant, Petty Entrepreneur, Professional, Progrieter, Trade, and Transportation.  This interpretation is also based on the method of Robert Ernst’s Immigrant Life in New York City 1825-1863.  Below are the occupations named, their classification and assigned skill level for the Prince Street Study:

  • Baker – Skilled, Trade
  • Blacksmith – Skilled, Trade
  • Boardinghouse – Skilled, Proprietor
  • Bootmaker – Skilled, Trade
  • Butcher – Skilled, Trade
  • Cabman – Skilled, Transportation
  • Carpenter – Skilled, Trade
  • Carter – Skilled, Transportation
  • Cartman – Skilled, Transportation
  • Clerk – Skilled, Professional
  • Compositor – Skilled, Trade
  • Domestic – Unskilled, Labor
  • Dressmaker – Skilled, Trade
  • Egg Dealer – Unskilled, Petty Entrepreneur
  • Groom – Skilled, Transportation
  • Hatter – Skilled, Trade
  • Housekeeper – Unskilled, Labor
  • Keeping House – Unskilled, Labor
  • Laborer – Unskilled, Labor
  • Liquor Dealer – Skilled, Proprieter
  • Merchant – Skilled, Merchant
  • Packing Box Maker – Skilled, Trade
  • Pedlar – Unskilled, Petty Entrepreuner
  • Plumber – Skilled, Trade
  • Porter in Carpet Store – Unskilled, Labor
  • Printer – Skilled, Trade
  • Public Porter – Unskilled, Labor
  • Publican – Skilled, Proprieter
  • Quarry Man – Unskilled, Labor
  • Seamstress – Skilled, Trade
  • Sells Fruit – Unskilled, Petty Entrepreuner
  • Shirt Maker – Skilled, Trade
  • Shoemaker – Skilled, Trade
  • Tailor – Skilled, Trade
  • Tailor’s Cutter – Skilled, Trade
  • Undertaker – Skilled, Trade
  • Washer – Unskilled, Labor

 

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